Academic Tutorials

English | French | Portugese | German | Italian
Home Advertise Payments Recommended Websites Interview Questions FAQs
News Source Codes E-Books Downloads Jobs Web Hosting

ERP Introduction
ERP Facts
ERP Advantages
ERP Resource
ERP with CRM
ERP How to Make
ERP Smaller Businesses
ERP Capabilities
ERP Profits
ERP Solutions
ERP Analysis
ERP Vendors
ERP Importance
ERP Application Tools
ERP Software Suppliers
ERP Building Blocks
ERP Current State
ERP Effect
ERP Essence
ERP Impact
ERP Sales Solution
ERP Planning
ERP Implementing
ERP Human Resources
ERP Success cases
ERP Reasons
ERP Benefits
ERP Management Functions
ERP ERP Improves General Ledger Capacity

HTML Tutorials
HTML Tutorial
XHTML Tutorial
CSS Tutorial
TCP/IP Tutorial
CSS 1.0
CSS 2.0
XML Tutorials
XML Tutorial
XSL Tutorial
XSLT Tutorial
DTD Tutorial
Schema Tutorial
XForms Tutorial
XSL-FO Tutorial
XML DOM Tutorial
XLink Tutorial
XQuery Tutorial
XPath Tutorial
XPointer Tutorial
RDF Tutorial
SOAP Tutorial
WSDL Tutorial
RSS Tutorial
WAP Tutorial
Web Services Tutorial
Browser Scripting
JavaScript Tutorial
VBScript Tutorial
DHTML Tutorial
HTML DOM Tutorial
WMLScript Tutorial
E4X Tutorial
Server Scripting
ASP Tutorial
PERL Tutorial
SQL Tutorial
ADO Tutorial
Apple Script
PL/SQL Tutorial
SQL Server
.NET (dotnet)
.Net Mobile
C# : C Sharp
SVG Tutorial
Flash Tutorial
Media Tutorial
SMIL Tutorial
Photoshop Tutorial
Gimp Tutorial
Gnuplot Programming
GIF Animation Tutorial
Scientific Visualization Tutorial
Web Building
Web Browsers
Web Hosting
W3C Tutorial
Web Building
Web Quality
Web Semantic
Web Careers
Weblogic Tutorial
Web Site Hosting
Domain Name
Java Tutorials
Java Tutorial
JSP Tutorial
Servlets Tutorial
Struts Tutorial
EJB Tutorial
JMS Tutorial
JMX Tutorial
Programming Langauges
C Tutorial
C++ Tutorial
Visual Basic Tutorial
Data Structures Using C
Assembly Language
Forth Programming
Lisp Programming
Data Warehousing
CGI Programming
Emacs Tutorial
Soft Skills
Communication Skills
Time Management
Project Management
Team Work
Leadership Skills
Corporate Communication
Negotiation Skills
Database Tutorials
Operating System
Software Testing
SAP Module
Business Warehousing
SAP Basis
Material Management
Sales & Distribution
Human Resource
Customer Relationship Management
Production and Planning
Networking Programming
Corba Tutorial
Networking Tutorial
Microsoft Office
Microsoft Word
Microsoft Outlook
Microsoft PowerPoint
Microsoft Publisher
Microsoft Excel
Microsoft Front Page
Microsoft InfoPath
Microsoft Access
Financial Accounting
Managerial Accounting
Network Sites

ERP systems and ADC Tools

Previoushome Next

ERP systems and ADC Tools

Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) integrated application software systems and Automated Data Collection (ADC) tools are experiencing a resurgence. Existing users are expanding their use of existing functionality, and new users are acquiring one or both applications to meet business requirements. This increased interest has been driven by customer requirements


ERP systems are a well-established IT application in today's medium to large multi-national organizations. They have evolved into fully integrated supply chain tools, including customer relationship management (CRM), business-to-business transaction support, vendor-managed inventory tools and customer self-service interfaces and portals.

Automated Data Collection, or ADC/barcoding tools, employ fixed and portable barcode scanners that read labels as products pass through the production cycle, so that transactional and product data is wirelessly transmitted via a wireless network to radio antennae, which seamlessly update the ERP system.

Often a secondary implementation to an ERP installation, ADC/barcoding tools effectively leverage the existing capabilities of ERP systems. While these tools are also not a new development (the first barcode was actually scanned in 1972), there is now an increased demand for them, particularly now that they may include radio frequency identification (RFID) tags, which provide an efficient solution for regulatory and customer food/product security requirements, particularly in high volume environments.

With RFID, portals can be positioned so that a forklift driver could pass through with a full pallet of mixed items, and all of the RFID labels could be read simultaneously and discretely.

Large organizations like Wal-Mart and the U.S. Department of Defense, which deal with millions of pallets of material a year, foresee large savings in labour and increased data accuracy, by employing RFID technology. Driven backwards through the supply chain, primarily by large retailers, RFID will eventually become a universal, entrenched part of the physical buyer/seller transactions in industries where large volume transactions exist, in addition to a regulatory environment where issues of food/product security, lot traceability and real-time data accuracy are paramount. The rela-tively high cost of RFID labels and the lack of standardization of the format are still obstacles, but RFID will become a standard in these industries over time.

Shifting paradigm

The impact of this evolution on accounting and management information systems (MIS) has been substantial, even revolutionary. However, the impact hasn't been limited to these areas. All areas of the organization have had to evolve with changing organizational paradigms.

One of the fundamental organizational changes that ERP systems have created is a demand for more strategic staff and fewer clerical staff. Given the inherent integration of transaction processes connected to ERP systems, users need to understand at least one step before and one step after their own job functions, both inside and outside the ERP system. ERP systems are configured around key business processes outside the system itself, which means users have to understand these connections and work with them to create an efficient organization.

Optimal ERP system configuration and transactional processing requires that the implementation integrate business processes and train the users in the integrated transactional processes of the system. This process creates an expanded organizational knowledge and greater functional capabilities for the system users.

The rigorous requirements that ERP systems place on their users is evident in the people focus of the implementation models and methodology of IT consulting firms. Many of these firms consider the relative importance of resource allocation and effort as follows: people--50%, process--35%, technology--15%. Hence training with, and user understanding of, the ERP system is paramount.

These considerations have obvious impacts on the HR function. An ERP system implementation is a large scale change management initiative. Organizational processes are reviewed, documented and rationalized, often in a "current state/future state" analysis, or as part of a business process re-engineering plan. Management must manage the change efficiently and effectively. HR must work closely with management, the project manager and any external consultants, to ensure these considerations are addressed.

In the same manner that ERP systems can be viewed as leveraging the human capital of an organization, ADC tools have leveraged the inherent capabilities of ERP systems, which are often described as integrated, "real-time" systems. The reality is that while ERP systems are capable of real-time reporting for an organization's MIS, data capture often isn't automated. ADC tools form the last link in this information chain, turning "real time" into "real, real time." Thus the accounting assertion that there need be a trade-off between relevance (timeliness) and reliability (accuracy) of financial information is no longer the case.

These developments have also enhanced quality assurance (QA) capabilities and compliance effectiveness. With the timely and accurate tracking of supplier and customer lots in real time, efficient and effective lot tracking and mock recall protocols are also possible. This is a major boost for the product and process components of any food/product security program, for instance.

It's interesting to note that in the same manner that inventory items are barcoded and scanned by ADC tools, so too can employee ID badges, as the employee moves within the plant or work centre. Not only does this enhance the people and plant components of a security program, but it can be interfaced with the ERP system to produce additional labour reports. In many labour-intensive plants, accurate labour reporting is difficult to attain. With this tool, labour variances can be analyzed.

Selecting the right system

To derive the benefits of an ERP implementation, a number of considerations must be evaluated. These include considering:

  • both the current and future/growth business requirements (scalability);
  • the appropriate trade-off between application software complexity and related user needs (usually a mid-market vs. high-end software application acquisition decision);
  • an assessment of the "time-to-benefit" for key business processes in the organization's strategic plans;
  • the key metrics that indicate relative application software complexity and time to benefit, such as the historical ratio of consulting dollars to initial license fees (the application software vendor and/or consulting firm can provide this);
  • the software version of the application being selected (leading edge vs. bleeding edge);
  • the stability of the software vendor;
  • the ability of the organization to devote sufficient resources (people, amount of dedicated project time per person, minimum funding) over time;
  • the involvement of key users in the planning process (when key players "plan the battle" they don't "battle the plan");
  • producing a specific, measurable, achievable, realistic, time-oriented project plan and budget; and
  • selecting application software certified implementation consultants with relevant industry experience.

Given that each application is provided by a different software vendor, it's crucial that the ERP system and its integrated ADC tool have significant, successful implementation history together.

A second important proviso is that the appropriate procedures and controls must exist both inside and outside the system, including appropriate levels of user training and system familiarity, with the ERP system, the ADC tool, and their integration. With a tight integration of these applications there are fewer change management challenges when, for instance, implementing an ADC solution subsequent to the initial ERP implementation (the standard sequence of events).

The substantial benefit to accounting and MIS of ERP systems, ADC tools, and more recently RFID, will continue to be simultaneously relevant and reliable data. At the same time, organizations will be able to devote more of their human resources to strategic challenges.

Be the first one to comment on this page.

  ERP eBooks

No eBooks on ERP could be found as of now.

More Links » »
 ERP Interview Questions
More Links » »
 ERP Articles

No ERP Articles could be found as of now.

 ERP News

No News on ERP could be found as of now.

 ERP Jobs

No ERP Articles could be found as of now.

Share And Enjoy:These icons link to social bookmarking sites where readers can share and discover new web pages.
  • blinkbits
  • BlinkList
  • blogmarks
  • co.mments
  • connotea
  • digg
  • Fark
  • feedmelinks
  • Furl
  • LinkaGoGo
  • Ma.gnolia
  • NewsVine
  • Netvouz
  • RawSugar
  • Reddit
  • scuttle
  • Shadows
  • Simpy
  • Smarking
  • Spurl
  • TailRank
  • Wists
  • YahooMyWeb

Previoushome Next

Keywords: ERP Application Tools, ERP Tutorial, ERP tutorial pdf, history of ERP, basic ERP, syntax use in ERP, ERP software download, learn ERP.

HTML Quizzes
CSS Quiz
CSS 1.0 Quiz
CSS 2.0 Quiz
XML Quizzes
XML Quiz
XSL Quiz
DTD Quiz
Schema Quiz
XForms Quiz
XLink Quiz
XQuery Quiz
XPath Quiz
XPointer Quiz
RDF Quiz
RSS Quiz
WAP Quiz
Web Services Quiz
Browser Scripting Quizzes
JavaScript Quiz
VBScript Quiz
WMLScript Quiz
E4X Quiz
Server Scripting Quizzes
ASP Quiz
SQL Quiz
ADO Quiz
CVS Quiz
Python Quiz
Apple Script Quiz
SQL Server Quiz
PHP Quiz
.NET (dotnet) Quizzes
Microsoft.Net Quiz
ASP.Net Quiz
.Net Mobile Quiz
C# : C Sharp Quiz
VC++ Quiz
Multimedia Quizzes
SVG Quiz
Flash Quiz
Media Quiz
Photoshop Quiz
Gimp Quiz
Matlab Quiz
Gnuplot Programming Quiz
GIF Animation Quiz
Scientific Visualization Quiz
Graphics Quiz
Web Building Quizzes
Web Browsers Quiz
Web Hosting Quiz
W3C Quiz
Web Building Quiz
Web Quality Quiz
Web Semantic Quiz
Web Careers Quiz
Weblogic Quiz
SEO Quiz
Web Site Hosting Quiz
Domain Name Quiz
Java Quizzes
Java Quiz
JSP Quiz
Servlets Quiz
Struts Quiz
EJB Quiz
JMS Quiz
JMX Quiz
Eclipse Quiz
J2ME Quiz
Programming Langauges Quizzes
C Quiz
C++ Quiz
Visual Basic Quiz
Data Structures Using C Quiz
Cobol Quiz
Assembly Language Quiz
Mainframe Quiz
Forth Programming Quiz
Lisp Programming Quiz
Pascal Quiz
Delphi Quiz
Fortran Quiz
OOPs Quiz
Data Warehousing Quiz
CGI Programming Quiz
Emacs Quiz
Gnome Quiz
ILU Quiz
Soft Skills Quizzes
Communication Skills Quiz
Time Management Quiz
Project Management Quiz
Team Work Quiz
Leadership Skills Quiz
Corporate Communication Quiz
Negotiation Skills Quiz
Database Quizzes
Oracle Quiz
MySQL Quiz
Operating System Quizzes
BSD Quiz
Symbian Quiz
Unix Quiz
Internet Quiz
IP-Masquerading Quiz
IPC Quiz
Software Testing Quizzes
Testing Quiz
Firewalls Quiz
SAP Module Quizzes
ERP Quiz
Business Warehousing Quiz
SAP Basis Quiz
Material Management Quiz
Sales & Distribution Quiz
Human Resource Quiz
Netweaver Quiz
Customer Relationship Management Quiz
Production and Planning Quiz
Networking Programming Quizzes
Corba Quiz
Networking Quiz
Microsoft Office Quizzes
Microsoft Word Quiz
Microsoft Outlook Quiz
Microsoft PowerPoint Quiz
Microsoft Publisher Quiz
Microsoft Excel Quiz
Microsoft Front Page Quiz
Microsoft InfoPath Quiz
Microsoft Access Quiz
Accounting Quizzes
Financial Accounting Quiz
Managerial Accounting Quiz
Testimonials | Contact Us | Link to Us | Site Map
Copyright ? 2008. Academic All rights reserved Privacy Policies | About Us
Our Portals : Academic Tutorials | Best eBooksworld | Beyond Stats | City Details | Interview Questions | Discussions World | Excellent Mobiles | Free Bangalore | Give Me The Code | Gog Logo | Indian Free Ads | Jobs Assist | New Interview Questions | One Stop FAQs | One Stop GATE | One Stop GRE | One Stop IAS | One Stop MBA | One Stop SAP | One Stop Testing | Webhosting in India | Dedicated Server in India | Sirf Dosti | Source Codes World | Tasty Food | Tech Archive | Testing Interview Questions | Tests World | The Galz | Top Masala | Vyom | Vyom eBooks | Vyom International | Vyom Links | Vyoms | Vyom World | Important Websites
Copyright ? 2003-2024 Vyom Technosoft Pvt. Ltd., All Rights Reserved.