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W3C DOM Activities

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Short for Document Object Model, the specification for how objects in a Web page (text, images, headers, links, etc.) are represented. The DOM defines what attributes are associated with each object, and how the objects and attributes can be manipulated. Dynamic HTML (DHTML) relies on the DOM to dynamically change the appearance of Web pages after they have been downloaded to a user's browser.


DOM Tutorials

To learn more about DOM, read our HTML DOM tutorial and our XML DOM tutorial.

DOM Level 0

Unfortunately, the two leading browsers -- Netscape Navigator and Microsoft Internet Explorer -- use different DOMs. This is one reason why their respective implementations of DHTML are so different. Both companies have submitted their DOMs to the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) for standardization, which now has the daunting task of specifying a standard DOM without alienating either of the browser giants. The W3C's DOM specification will support both HTML and XML.

Key players in the development of DOM has been people from ArborText, IBM, Inso EPS, JavaSoft, Microsoft, Netscape, Novell, the Object Management Group, SoftQuad, Sun Microsystems, and Texcel.

W3C's DOM Level 1 has built on this functionality.

DOM Level 1

DOM Level 1 concentrates on the HTML and the XML document models. It contains functionality for document navigation and manipulation.

DOM Level 1 was released as the W3C Recommendation 1. October 1998.

A Working Draft for the Second Edition (SE) was published 29. September. 2000.

DOM Level 2

DOM Level 2 adds a style sheet object model to the DOM Level 1, and defines functionality for manipulating the style information attached to a document.

DOM Level 2 also defines an event model and provides support for the XML namespaces.

The DOM Level 2 specification was released as the W3C Recommendations 13. November 2000:

DOM Level 2 Core

DOM Level 2 Core specifies an API to access and update the structure and content of documents. The API also contains interfaces dedicated to the XML.

DOM Level 2 HTML

DOM Level 2 HTML specifies an API to manipulate the structure and contents of the HTML document. (This part of the specification is still a working draft)

DOM Level 2 Views

DOM Level 2 Views specifies an API to dynamically update and access the view of a document. A view is some alternate representation of, or a presentation of a document.

DOM Level 2 Style

DOM Level 2 Style specifies an API to dynamically update and access the content style sheets.

DOM Level 2 Events

DOM Level 2 Events specifies an API to access the document events.

DOM Level 2 Traversal-Range

DOM Level 2 Traversal-Range specifies an API to dynamically traverse and identify a range of content in the document.

DOM Level 3

DOM Level 3 specifies the content models (DTD and Schemas) and document validation. It also specifies document loading and saving, document views, document formatting, and key events. DOM Level 3 builds on the DOM Core Level 2.

DOM Level 3 Requirements

The DOM Requirements document has been updated for the Level 3 requirements and was released as a Working Draft 12. April 2000.

The following DOM Level 3 Working Drafts were released on 1. September 2000:

DOM Level 3 Core

DOM Level 3 Core specifies an API to access and update the content, structure and style of the documents.

DOM Level 3 Events

The DOM Level 3 Events API expands the functionality of the Level 2 Event API by adding new interfaces and new event set.

DOM Level 3 Load and Save

DOM Level 3 Content Model specifies an API for document loading and saving, content models (DTD and Schemas) and document validation supports.

DOM Level 3 Views and Formatting

DOM Level 3 Views specifies an API to dynamically access and update the view of the document. A view is some alternate representation of, or a presentation of a document.

W3C DOM Specifications and Timeline

Specification Draft / Proposal W3C Recommendation
DOM Level 1   01. Oct 1998
DOM Level 1 (SE) 29. Sep 2000  
DOM Level 2 Core   13. Nov 2000
DOM Level 2 HTML   09. Jan 2003
DOM Level 2 Views   13. Nov 2000
DOM Level 2 Style   13. Nov 2000
DOM Level 2 Events   13. Nov 2000
DOM Level 2 Traversal-Range   13. Nov 2000
DOM Level 3 Requirements 26. Feb 2004  
DOM Level 3 Core   07. Apr 2004
DOM Level 3 Events 13. Apr 2006  
DOM Level 3 Load and Save   07. Apr 2004
DOM Level 3 Validation   27. Jan 2004
DOM Level 3 XPath 26. Feb 2004  
DOM Level 3 Views 26. Feb 2004  

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Keywords: XSD restrictions/facets,web service xsd,xsd tutorial,xsd xml,xsd examples,xsd dtd,xsd validator,xslt xsd,sample xsd

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