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Web Glossary

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Synonymous with hyperlinks, anchor refers to non-linear links among documents. Or more simply put, it's the word or phrase that can be selected to connect to another page or resource.


Anchor Color
You guessed it--the color on screen that represents the anchors. The reason so many are blue is that is often the default color. This color can be changed to any combination of red, green and blue.

Agents are search tools that automatically seek out relevant online information based on your specifications. Agents are also called intelligent agents, personal agents, knowbots or droids.

Personal notes you can attach to the documents you have saved in your Web browser. The notes are available to you whenever the document is viewed.

Asychronous Connection
In web terms: The ending point or starting point of a hyperlink.
Want to learn more about links in our HTML tutorial

Anonymous FTP
See the FTP Server.

ANSI (American National Standards Institute)
ANSI is an organization that creates standards for the computer industry. Responsible for the ANSI C standard.

AU Sounds C
This term refers to software that enables the creation of multimedia or hypertext documents and presentations.

ADO (ActiveX Data Object)
ADO is a Microsoft technology that provides data access to any kind of data store.
Want to learn more about ADO in our ADO tutorial

ADSL (Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line)
ADSL is a special type of DSL line where the upload speed is different from the download speed.

Amaya is an open source web browser editor from W3C, used to push leading-edge ideas in browser design.

Animation a set of pictures simulating movement when played in series.

Anti-Virus Program
Anti-Virus Program is a computer program made to discover and destroy all types of computer viruses.

Apache is an open source web server. Mostly for Unix, Linux and Solaris platforms.

See the web applet.

Archie is a computer program to locate files on public FTP servers.

API (Application Programming Interface)
API is an interface for letting a program communicate with another program. In web terms: An interface for letting web browsers or web servers communicate with other programs. (See also Active-X and Plug-In)

ARPAnet,the experimental network tested in the 1970's which started the development of the Internet.

Authentication,in web terms: the method used to verify the identity of a user, program or computer on the web.

ASCII (American Standard Code for Information Interchange)
ASCII is a set of 128 alphanumeric and special control characters used for computer storing and printing of text. Used by HTML when transmitting data over the web.

ASF (Advanced Streaming Format)
ASF is a multimedia streaming format. Developed by Microsoft for Windows Media.

ASP (Active Server Pages)
ASP is a Microsoft technology allowing the insertion of server executable scripts in web pages.
Learn more about ASP in our ASP tutorial

ASX (ASF Streaming Redirector)
ASX is an XML format for storing information about ASF files. Developed by Microsoft for Windows Media.

AVI (Audio Video Interleave)
AVI is a File format for video files. Video compression technology developed by Microsoft.

Banner Ad
Banner Ad is a (most often graphic) advertisement placed on a web page, which acts as a hyperlink to an advertiser's web site.

Bandwidth is a measure for the speed (amount of data) you can send through an Internet connection. The more bandwidth, the faster the connection.

Baud is the number of symbols per second sent over a channel.

BBS (Bulletin Board System)
BBS is a web based public system for sharing discussions, files, and announcements.

Binary Data
The data in machine readable form.

Bit (Binary Digit)
Bit is the smallest unit of data stored in a computer. A bit can have the value of 0 or 1. A computer uses 8 bits to store one text character.

BMP (Bitmap)
A format for storing the images.

Bookmark: A link to a particular web site, stored (bookmarked) by a web user for future use and easy access.

Browse is the term to describe a user's movement across the web, moving from page to page via hyperlinks, using a web browser. (See Web Browser).

BPS (Bits Per Second)
BPS is the term to describe the transmission speed for data over the web.

See the Web Browser.

Byte (Binary Term)
Byte is a computer storage unit containing 8 bits. Each byte can store one text character.

C is an advanced programming language used for programming advanced computer applications.

C++ (C Plus Plus)
C++ is the same as C with added object-oriented functions.

C# (C Sharp)
C# is a Microsoft version of C++ with added Java-like functions.

Case Sensitive
Case Sensitive ia s term used to describe if it is of importance to use upper or lower case letters.

In the web terms:Cache is a web browser or web server feature which stores copies of web pages on a computer's hard disk.

Chat is an on-line text-based communication between Internet users.

CGI (Common Gateway Interface)
CGI is a set of rules that describes how a CGI program communicates with a web server.

CGI Bin is the folder (or directory) on a web server that stores CGI programs.

CGI Program
CGI Program is a small program that handles input and output from a web server. Often CGI programs are used for handling forms input or database queries.

Cinepac is a codec for computer video.

See the Web Client.

In web terms: Client/Server is the communication and separation of workload between a web client and a web server.

In web terms:Click is a mouse click on a hyperlink element (such as text or picture) on a web page which creates an event such as taking a visitor to another web page or another part of the same page.

Clickthrough Rate
Clickthrough Rate is the number of times visitors click on a hyperlink (or advertisement) on a page, as a percentage of the number of times the page has been displayed.

Codec (Compressor / Decompressor)
Codec is a common term for the technology used for compressing and decompressing data.

Communication Protocol
Communication Protocol is a standard (language and a set of rules) to allow computers to interact in a standard way. Examples are IP, FTP, and HTTP.
Learn more about Communication Protocols in our TCP/IP tutorial

Communication Protocol is a method of reducing the size (compress) of web documents or graphics for faster delivery via the web.

Computer Virus
Computer Virus is a computer program that can harm a computer by displaying messages, deleting files, or even destroying the computer's operating system.

Cookie is the information from a web server, stored on your computer by your web browser. The purpose of a cookie is to provide information about your visit to the website for use by the server during a later visit.

ColdFusion is a web development software for most platforms (Linux, Unix, Solaris and Windows).

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
CSS is a W3C recommended language for defining style (such as font, size, color, spacing, etc.) for web documents.
Learn more about CSS in our CSS tutorial

Database is the data stored in a computer in such a way that a computer program can easily retrieve and manipulate the data.
Learn more about databases in our SQL tutorial

Database System
Database System is a computer program (like MS Access, Oracle, and MySQL) for manipulating data in a database.

DB2 is a database system from IBM. Mostly for Unix and Solaris platforms.

DBA (Data Base Administrator)
DBA is the person (or the software) who administers a database. Typical task are: backup,implementation and maintenance.

DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol)
DHCP is an Internet standard protocol that assigns new IP addresses to users as need.

DHTML (Dynamic HTML)
DHTML is a term commonly to describe HTML content that can change dynamically.
want to learn more about DHTML in our DHTML tutorial

Dial-up Connection
In web terms:Dial-up Connection is a connection to Internet via telephone and modem.

Discussion Group
See the Newsgroup.

DNS (Domain Name Service)
DNS is a computer program running on a web server, translating domain names into IP addresses. Want to learn more about DNS in our Web Hosting tutorial

DNS Server
DNS Server is a web server running DNS.

DOM (Document Object Model)
DOM is a programming model for web page objects. (See HTML DOM and XML DOM)

Domain Name
Domain Name is the name that identifies a web site. (like:
Want to learn more about domains in our Web Hosting tutorial

DOS (Disk Operating System)
DOS is a general disk based computer operating system (see OS). Originally developed by Microsoft for IBM personal computers. Often used as a shorthand for MS-DOS.

Download is to transfer a file from a remote computer to a local computer. In web terms:Download is to transfer a file from a web server to a web client. (see also Upload).

DSL (Digital Subscriber Line)
DSL is an Internet connection over regular telephone lines, but much faster.Speed of the DSL may vary from 128 kilobit per second, up to 9 megabit per second.

DTD (Document Type Definition)
DTD is a set of rules (a language) for defining the legal building blocks of a web document like HTML or XML.
Want to learn more about DTD in our DTD tutorial

Dynamic IP
Dynamic IP is an IP address that changes each time you connect to the Internet. (See also Static IP and DHCP).

E-mail (Electronic Mail)
E-mail is the media through which messages sent from one person to another via the Internet.

E-mail Address
E-mail Address is the address used for sending e-mails to a person or an organization. Typical format is always username@hostname.

E-mail Server
E-mail Server is a web server dedicated to the task of serving e-mail.

Encryption is a technique to convert data from its original form to a form that can only be read by someone that can reverse the encryption. The purpose of using encryption is to prevent unauthorized reading of the data.

See the Web Server Error.

Ethernet is a type of local area network (see also LAN).

Firewall is a software that acts as a security filter that can restrict types of network communication. Most often used between the Internet and an individual computer (or a LAN).

Flash is a vector-based multimedia format developed by Macromedia for use on the web.
Want to learn more about Flash in our Flash tutorial

See the HTML Form.

In web terms:Flash is the same as Newsgroup.

In web terms:Frame is a part of the browser screen displaying a particular content. Frames are often used to display content from the different web pages.

FrontPage is a web development software for the Windows platform.FrontPage is developed by Microsoft.

FTP (File Transfer Protocol)
FTP is one of the most common methods for sending files between two computers.

FTP Server
FTP Server is a web server you can logon to, and download files from (or upload files to).To download files from an FTP server without using a logon account,Anonymous FTP is used.

Gateway is a computer program for transferring (and reformatting) data between incompatible applications or networks.

GIF (Graphics Interchange Format)
GIF is a compressed format for storing images developed by CompuServe. GIF is one of the most common image formats on the Internet.

GB is same as Gigabyte. 10GB is ten gigabytes.

Gigabyte is 1024 megabytes.This is also commonly rounded down to one billion bytes.

In web terms graphics describe the pictures (opposite to text).

Graphic Monitor
Graphic Monitor is a display monitor that can display graphics.

Graphic Printer
Graphic Printer is a printer that can print graphics.

Graphical Banner
See the Banner Ad.

Helper application
In web terms:Helper application is a program helping the browser to display, view, or work with files that the browser cannot handle itself. (See Plug-In).

Hits is the number of times a web object (page or picture) has been viewed or downloaded. (See also Page Hits).

Home Page
Home Page is the top-level (main) page of a web site. The default page displayed when you visit paricular web site.

See also Web Host.

See also Web Hosting.

See also Hyperlink.

Trojan Horse
Trojan Horse is a computer program hidden in another computer program with the purpose of  destroying software or collecting information about the use of the computer.

HTML (Hypertext Markup Language)
HTML is a language of the web. HTML is the set of tags that are used to define the layout,content and the formatting of the web document.The HTML tags is being used by the Web browsers to define how to display the text.
Want to learn more about HTML in our HTML tutorial

HTML Document
HTML Document is a document written in HTML.

HTML DOM (HTML Document Object Model)
HTML DOM is a programming interface for HTML documents.
Want to learn more about HTML DOM in our HTML DOM tutorial

HTML Editor
HTML Editor is a software program for editing HTML pages. With an HTML editor you can add elements like lists, tables, layout, font size, and colors to a HTML document like using a word processor. An HTML editor will display the page being edited exactly the same way it will be displayed on the web (See WYSIWYG).

HTML Form is a form that passes user input back to the server.
Want to learn more about HTML forms in our HTML tutorial

HTML Page is same as an HTML Document.

HTML Tags is a set of Code to identify the different parts of a document so that a web browser will know how to display it.
Want to learn more about HTML tags our HTML tutorial

HTTP (Hyper Text Transfer Protocol)
HTTP is the standard set of rules for sending text files across the Internet. It requires an HTTP server program at one end, and an HTTP client program at the other end.

HTTP Client
HTTP Client is a computer program that requests a service from a web server.

HTTP Server
HTTP Server is a computer program providing services from a web server.

HTTPS (Hyper Text Transfer Protocol Secure)
HTTPS is same as HTTP but provides secure Internet communication using SSL. (see also SSL)

Hyperlink is a pointer to another document. Most often a pointer to another web page. A hyperlink is a synonym for a a link or a hotlink, and sometimes called a hypertext connection to another document or web page.

Hypermedia is an extension to hypertext to include graphics and audio.

Hypertext is text that is cross-linked to other documents in such a way that by clicking on a highlighted word or symbol, the reader can read related documents. (see also hyperlink)

IAB (Internet Architecture Board)
IAB is a council that makes decisions about Internet standards. (See also W3C).

IE (Internet Explorer)
See the Internet Explorer.

IETF (Internet Engineering Task Force)
IETF is a subgroup of IAB that focuses on solving technical problems on the Internet.

IIS (Internet Information Server)
IIS is a web server for Windows operating systems.IIS is developed by Microsoft.

IMAP (Internet Message Access Protocol)
IMAP is a standard communication protocol for retrieving e-mails from an e-mail server. IMAP is much like POP but more advanced.
Want to learn more about IMAP in our TCP/IP tutorial

Indeo is a codec for computer video developed by Intel.

Internet is a world wide network connecting millions of computers. (See also WWW)

Internet Browser
See the Web Browser.

Internet Explorer
Internet Explorer is a browser by Microsoft. The most commonly used browser today.
Learn more about browsers in our browser section

Internet Server
See the Web Server

Intranet is a private (closed) Internet, running inside a LAN (Local Area Network).

IP (Internet Protocol)
See the TCP/IP.

IP Address (Internet Protocol Address)
IP Address is a unique number identifying every computer on the Internet (like

IP Number (Internet Protocol Number)
IP Number is same as an IP address.

IP Packet
See also TCP/IP Packet.

IRC (Internet Relay Chat)
IRC is an Internet system that enables users to take part in on-line discussions.

IRC Client
IRC Client is a computer program that enables a user to connect to IRC.

IRC Server
IRC Server is an Internet server dedicated to the task of serving IRC connections.

ISAPI (Internet Server API)
ISAPI is an application Programming Interface (See API) for Internet Information Server (See IIS).

ISDN (Integrated Services Digital Network)
ISDN is a telecommunication standard that uses digital transmission to support data communications over regular telephone lines.

ISP (Internet Service Provider)
ISP is Someone that provides access to the Internet and web hosting.

Java is a programming language developed by SUN. Mostly for programming web servers and web applets. 

Java Applet
See also Web Applet.

JavaScript is the most popular scripting language on the internet, developed by Netscape.
Want to learn more about JavaScript in our JavaScript tutorial.

JPEG (Joint Photographic Expert Group)
JPEG is the organization that promotes the JPG and JPEG graphic formats for storing compressed images. 

JPEG and JPG is the graphic formats for storing compressed images. 

JScript is the Microsoft's version JavaScript.

JSP (Java Server Pages)
JSP is a Java based technology allowing the insertion of server executable scripts in web pages.JSP is mostly used on Linux, Unix and Solaris platforms. 

K is aame as kilobyte 10K is ten kilobytes..

KB is same as kilobyte 10KB is ten kilobytes..

In web terms: Keyword is a word used by a search engine to search for relevant web information.
In database terms: Keyword is a word (or index) used to identify a database record.

Kilobyte is 1024 bytes. Often called as 1K, and rounded down to 1000 bytes.

LAN (Local Area Network)
LAN is a network between computers in a local area (like inside a building), usually connected via local cables. See also WAN.

Link is same as a hyperlink.

Linux is an open source computer operating system based on Unix. Mostly used on servers and web servers.

In web terms:Mail is same as e-mail.

Mail Server
See the e-mail server.

MB is same as Megabyte. 10MB is ten megabytes.

Megabyte is 1024 kilobytes. Commonly rounded down to the one million bytes.

Meta Data
Meta Data is the data that describes other data. (See also Meta Tags).

Meta Search
Meta Search is the method of searching for meta data in documents.

Meta Tags
Meta Tags is tags inserted into documents to describe the document.
Want to learn more about meta tags in our HTML tutorial

MIDI (Musical Instrument Digital Interface)
MIDI is a standard protocol for communication between computers and musical instruments.
Want to learn more about MIDI in our Media tutorial

MIME (Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions)
MIME is an Internet standard for defining document types. MIME type examples: text/plain, text/html, image/gif, image/jpg.
Want to learn more about MIME types in our Media tutorial

MIME Types
MIME Types is the document types defined by MIME.

Modem is the Hardware equipment to connect a computer to a telephone network Typically used to connect to the Internet via a telephone line.

Mosaic is the first commonly available web browser. Mosaic was released in the year of 1993 and started the popularity of the web.

MOV is a codec for computer video developed by Apple. Common file extension for the QuickTime multimedia files.

MP3 (MPEG-1 Audio Layer-3)
MP3 is an audio compression format specially designed for easy download over the Internet.

MP3 File
MP3 File is an file containing audio compressed with MP3. Most often a music track.

MPEG (Moving Picture Expert Group)
MPEG is an ISO standard codec for computer audio and video.

MPG is the common file extension for MPEG files.

MS-DOS (Microsoft Disk Operating System)
MS-DOS is a general disk based computer operating system (See OS). MS-DOS is originally developed by Microsoft for IBM computers, then developed by Microsoft as a basis for the first versions of Windows.

In web terms:Multimedia is a presentation combining text with pictures, video, or sound.

MySQL is a free open source database software often used on the web.

NetBEUI (Net Bios Extended User Interface)
NetBEUI is an enhanced version of NetBIOS.

NetBIOS (Network Basic Input Output System)
NetBIOS is an application programming interface (API) with functions for local-area networks (LAN). Used by DOS and Windows.

In web terms:Navigate is same as Browse.

Netscape is the browser from the company Netscape.Netscapeis the most popular browser for many years. Today IE has the highest lead.
Want to learn more about browsers in our browser section

Newsgroup is an on-line discussion group (a section on a news server) dedicated to a particular subject of interest.

News Reader
News Reader is a computer program that enables you to read (and post messages) from an Internet newsgroup.

News Server
News Server is an Internet server dedicated to the task of serving Internet newsgroups.

In web terms: Node is a computer connected to the Internet, most often used to describe a web server.

Opera is the browser from the company Opera.
Want to learn more about browsers in our browser section

OS (Operating System)
OS is the software that manages the basic operating of a computer.

See also TCP/IP Packet.

Page Hits
Page Hits is the number of times a web page has been visited by a user.

Page Impressions
Page Impressions is same as Page Hits.

Page Views
Page Views is same as Page Hits.

PDF (Portable Document Format)
PDF is a document file format developed by Adobe. Most often used for the text documents.

Perl (Practical Extraction and Reporting Language)
Perl is a scripting language for web servers. Perl is most often used on Unix servers.

PHP (PHP: Hypertext Preprocessor)
PHP is a technology allowing the insertion of server executable scripts in web pages. Mostly for Unix, Linux and Solaris platforms.
Want to learn more about PHP in our PHP tutorial.

Ping is a method used to check the communication between two computers. A "ping" is always sent to a remote computer to see if it responds.

In web terms: Platform is the computer's operating system like Windows, Linux, or OS X.

Plug-In is an application built into another application. In web terms:Plug-In is a program built in (or added) to a web browser to handle a special type of data like e-mail, sound, or movie files. (See also ActiveX)

PNG (Portable Network Graphics)
PNG is a format for encoding a picture pixel by pixel and sending it over the web. A W3C recommendation for replacing the GIF.

POP (Post Office Protocol)
POP is a standard communication protocol for retrieving e-mails from an e-mail server. (See also IMAP).
Want to learn more about POP and IMAP in our TCP/IP tutorial

Port is a number that identifies a computer IO (input/output) channel. In web terms:Port is a number that identifies the I/O channel used by an Internet application (A web server normally uses port 80).

See the Communication Protocol.

PPP (Point to Point Protocol)
PPP is a communication protocol used for direct connection between two computers.

Proxy Server
Proxy Server is an Internet server dedicated to improve Internet performance.

Router is a hardware (or software) system that directs (routes) data transfer to different computers in a network.

QuickTime is a multimedia file format created by Apple.
Want to learn more about QuickTime in our Media tutorial

RAID (Redundant Array of Independent Disks)
RAID is a standard for connecting multiple disks to the same server for higher security, speed and performance.RAID is often used on web servers.

RDF (Resource Description Framework)
RDF is a framework for constructing languages for describing web resources.
Want to learn more about RDF in our RDF tutorial

Real Audio
Real Audio is a common multimedia audio format created by Real Networks.
Want to learn more about Real Audio in our Media tutorial

Real Video
Real Video is a common multimedia video format created by Real Networks.
Learn more about Real Video in our Media tutorial

In web terms: Redirect is the action when a web page automatically forwards (redirects) the user to another web page.

RGB (Red Green Blue)
RGB is the combination of the three primary colors that can represent a full color spectrum.
Want to learn more about RGB in our HTML tutorial

See the Web Robot.

See the XML Schema.

Script is a collection of statements written in a Scripting Language.

Scripting Language
In web terms:Scripting Language is a simple programming language that can be executed by a web browser or a web server. See also JavaScript and VBScript.

Writing in a script.

Shareware is a software that you can try free of charge, and pay a fee to continue to use legally.

Shockwave is a format (technology) developed by Macromedia for embedding multimedia content in web pages.

Search Engine
Search Engine is a computer program used to search and catalog (index) the millions of pages of available information on the web. Common search engines are AltaVista and Google.

Semantic Web
Semantic Web is a web of data with a meaning in the sense that computer programs can know enough about the data to process it.

See the Web Server.

Server Errors
See the Web Server Errors.

SGML (Standard Generalized Markup Language)
SGML is an international standard for markup languages. The basis for XML and HTML.

SMIL (Synchronized Multimedia Integration Language)
SMIL is a W3C recommended language for creating multimedia presentations.
Want to learn more about SMIL in our SMIL tutorial

SMTP (Simple Mail Transfer Protocol)
SMTP is a standard communication protocol for sending e-mail messages between computers.
Want to learn more about SMTP in our TCP/IP tutorial

SOAP (Simple Object Access Protocol)
SOAP is a standard protocol for letting applications communicate with each other using XML.
Want to learn more about SOAP in our SOAP tutorial

Solaris is a computer operating system from SUN.

In web terms: SPAM is the action of sending multiple unwelcome messages to a newsgroup or mailing list.

See the Web Spider.

Spoofing is the addressing a web page or an e-mail with a false referrer. Like sending an e-mail from a false address is called as spoofing.

Spyware is a computer software hidden in a computer with the purpose of collecting information about the use of the computer.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
SQL is an ANSI standard computer language for accessing and manipulating databases.
Learn more about SQL in our SQL tutorial.

SQL Server
SQL Server is a database system from Microsoft. Mostly used on high traffic web sites running on the Windows platform.

SSI (Server Side Include)
SSI is a type of HTML comment inserted into a web page to instruct the web server to generate dynamic content. The most common use of SSI is to include standard header or footer for the page.

SSL (Secure Socket Layer)
SSL is a software to secure and protect web site communication using encrypted transmission of data.

Static IP (address)
Static IP is an IP address that is the same each time connect to the Internet. (See also Dynamic IP).

Streaming is a method of sending audio and video files over the Internet in such a way that the user can view the file while it is being transferred.

Streaming Format
Streaming Format is the format used for files being streamed over the Internet. (See Windows Media, Real Video and QuickTime).

SVG (Scalable Vector Graphics)
SVG is a W3C recommended language for defining graphics in XML.
Want to learn more about SVG in our SVG tutorial

In web terms:Tag is the notifications or commands written into a web document. (See also HTML Tags)

TCP (Transmission Control Protocol)
See the TCP/IP.

TCP/IP (Transmission Control Protocol / Internet Protocol)
TCP/IP is a collection of Internet communication protocols between two computers. The TCP is responsible for an error free connection between two computers, while the IP is responsible for the data packets sent over the network.
Want to learn more about TCP/IP in our TCP/IP tutorial

TCP/IP Address
See the IP Address.

TCP/IP Packet
TCP/IP Packet is a "packet" of data sent over a TCP/IP network. (data sent over the Internet is broken down into small "packets" from 40 to 32000 bytes long).

UDDI (Universal Description Discovery and Integration)
UDDI is a platform-independent framework for describing services, discovering businesses, and integrating business services using the Internet.
Want to learn more about UDDI in our WSDL tutorial

Unix is a computer operating system, developed by Bell Laboratories. Unix is mostly used for servers and web servers.

UNZIP is used to uncompress a ZIPPED file. See ZIP.

Upload is used to transfer a file from a local computer to a remote computer. In web terms: to transfer a file from a web client to a web server. (see also Download).

URI (Uniform Resource Identifier)
URI is a term used to identify resources on the internet. URL is the one type of an URI.

URL (Uniform Resource Locator)
URL is a web address. The standard way to address web documents (pages) on the Internet (like:

USENET is a world wide news system accessible over the Internet. (See Newsgroups)

User Agent
User Agent is same as a Web Browser.

VB (Visual Basic)
See the Visual Basic.

VBScript is a scripting language from Microsoft. VBScript is the default scripting language in ASP. Can also be used to program Internet Explorer.
Want to learn more about VBScript in our VBScript tutorial.

Virus is same as Computer Virus.

In web terms:Visit is a visit to a web site. Commonly used to describe the activity for one visitor of a web site.

In web terms:Visitor is a visitor of a web site. Commonly used to describe a person visiting (viewing) paricular web site.

Visual Basic
Visual Basic is a programming language from Microsoft.

VPN (Virtual Private Network)
VPN is a private network between two remote sites, over a secure encrypted virtual Internet connection (a tunnel).

VRML (Virtual Reality Modeling Language)
VRML is a programming language to allow 3D effects to be added to HTML documents.

W3C (World Wide Web Consortium)
W3C is the organization responsible for managing standards for the WWW.
Want to learn more about W3C in our W3C tutorial

WAN (Wide Area Network)
WAN is the computers connected together in a wide network, larger than a LAN, usually connected via phone lines. See also LAN.

WAP (Wireless Application Protocol)
WAP is a leading standard for information services on wireless terminals like digital mobile phones.
Want to learn more about WAP in our WAP tutorial

Web Address
Web Address is same as an URL or URI. See URL.

Web Applet
Web Applet is a program that can be downloaded over the web and run on the user's computer.Web Applet is most often written in Java.

Web Client
Web Client is a software program used to access web pages. Sometimes the same as a Web Browser, but often used as a broader term.

Web Browser
Web Browser is a software program used to display web pages.
Want to learn more about browsers in our Browser section

Web Document
Web Document is a document formatted for distribution over the web. Most often a web document is formatted in a markup language like XML orHTML.

Web Error
See the Web Server Error.

Web Form
See the HTML Form.

Web Host
Web Host is a web server that "hosts" web services like providing web site space to companies or individuals.

Web Hosting
Web Hosting is the action of providing web host services.

Web Page
Web Page is a document (normally an HTML file) designed to be distributed over the Web.

Web Robot
See Web Spider.

Web Server
Web Server is aA server is a computer that delivers services or information to other computers. In web terms: Web Server is a server that delivers web content to web browsers.

Web Server Error
Web Server Error is a message from a web server indicating an error. The most common web server error is "404 File Not Found".
Want to Learn more about webl server error messages in our HTML tutorial

Web Services
Web Services is a software components and applications running on web servers. The server provides these services to other computers, browsers or individuals, using standard communication protocols.

Web Site
Web Site is a collection of related web pages belonging to a company or an individual.

Web Spider
Web Spider is a computer program that searches the Internet for web pages. Common web spiders are the one used by search engines like Google and AltaVista to index the web. Web spiders are also called wanderers or web robots.

Web Wanderer
See the Web Spider.

Wildcard is a character used to substitute any character(s). Most often used as an asterix (*) in search tools.

Windows 2000, Windows NT, Windows 95/98, Windows XP
Computer operating systems from the Microsoft.

Windows Media
Windows Media is the audio and video formats for the Internet, developed by Microsoft. (See ASF, ASX, WMA and WMF).
Want to learn more about Windows Media in our Media tutorial

WINZIP is a computer program for compressing and decompressing files. See ZIP.

WMA is Audio file format for the Internet, developed by Microsoft. (See also WMV).
Want to learn more about media formats in our Media tutorial.

WMV is avideo file format for the Internet, developed by Microsoft. (See also WMA).
Want to learn more about media formats in our Media tutorial

WML (Wireless Markup Language)
WML is a standard for information services on wireless terminals like digital mobile phones, inherited from HTML, but based on XML, and much stricter than HTML.
Want to learn more about WML in our WAP tutorial

WML Script
WML Script is a scripting language (programming language) for WML.

Worm is a computer virus that can make copies of itself and spread to other computers over the Internet.

WSDL (Web Services Description Language)
WSDL is an XML-based language for describing Web services and how to access them.
Want to learn more about WSDL in our WSDL tutorial

WWW (World Wide Web)
WWW is a global network of computers using the internet to exchange web documents. (See also Internet)

WWW Server
WWW Server is same as a Web Server.

WYSIWYG (What You See Is What You Get)
In Web terms: WYSIWYG is used to display a web page being edited exactly the same way it will be displayed on the web.

XForms is a future version of HTML Forms, based on XML and XHTML. Differs from HTML forms by separating data display and data definition. Providing richer and more device independent user input.
Want to learn more about XForms in our XForms tutorial

XHTML (Extensible Hypertext Markup Language)
XHTML is the HTML reformulated as XML. XHTML is the latest version of HTML. Developed by W3C.
Want to learn more about XHTML in our XHTML tutorial

XPath is a set of syntax rules (language) for defining parts of an XML document. XPath is a major part of the W3C XSL standard aslo.
Want to learn more about XPath in our XPath tutorial

XQuery is the set of syntax rules (language) for extracting information from XML documents. XQuery builds on XPath. XQuery is developed by the W3C.
Want to learn more about XQuery in our XQuery tutorial

XML (Extensible Markup Language)
XML is a simplified version of SGML especially designed for web documents, developed by the W3C.
Want to learn more about XML in our XML tutorial

XML Document
XML Document is a document written in XML.

XML DOM (XML Document Object Model)
XML DOM is a programming interface for XML documents developed by W3C.
Want to learn more about XML DOM in our XML DOM tutorial

XML Schema
XML Schema is a document that describes, in a formal way, the syntax elements and parameters of a web language. Designed by W3C to replace DTD.
Want to learn more about Schema in our XML Schema tutorial

XSD (XML Schema Definition)
XSD is same as XML Schema.

XSL (Extensible Stylesheet Language)
XSL is a suite of XML languages developed by W3C, including XSLT, XSL-FO and XPath.
Want to learn more about XSL in our XSL tutorial

XSL-FO (XSL Formatting Objects)
XSL-FO is an XML language for formatting XML documents. A part of XSL developed by W3C.
Want to learn more about XSL-FO in our XSL-FO tutorial

XSLT (XSL Transformations)
XSLT is an XML language for transforming XML documents. A part of XSL developed by the W3C.
Want to learn more about XSLT in our XSLT tutorial

ZIP is a compressing format for computer files.ZIP is commonly used for compressing files before downloading over the Internet. ZIP files can be decompressed (UNZIPPED) and compressed (ZIPPED) using a computer program like WINZIP.

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