Changing the Material Valuation Types
The SAP R/3 System allows you to valuate stocks of a
material either together or separately, that is, according to different
valuation criteria. Split valuation is necessary if, for example:
A D V E R T I S E M E N T
1. Stock from in-house production has a different
valuation price than externally procured stock.
2. Stock obtained from one manufacturer is valuated at
a different price than stock obtained from another manufacturer.
3. Different batch stocks of a material have different
4. Value damaged and repair part differently from a new part.
To used split valuation, you have to activate it using
To change split material valuation once it has been
set, you must
1. first post out all stocks (for example, to a cost
center or with movement type 562)
2. then change the control parameters
3. if necessary, change the automatic account
4. finally post the stocks back in again
In split valuation, you can distinguish between partial
stocks of a material according to certain criteria and valuate them separately.
The material stock is divided according to valuation
category and valuation type.
The valuation category determines how the partial
stocks are divided, that is, according to which criteria.
The valuation type describes the characteristics of the
With the function "Setting"
you can determine:
which valuation categories exist in your company
which valuation types exist in your company (global
which valuation types belong to which valuation category
which valuation categories exist in a valuation area
Your entries are only relevant if you set split
valuation as active in the function "Global settings".
In the standard SAP R/3 System, the following valuation
categories are default settings :
B procurement type
with the valuation types:
"FREMD" for external
X automatic valuation (only for batch)
To select split valuation ('OMWC'),
proceed as follows:
1. Determine the valuation categories and valuation
types that are allowed for all valuation areas:
global valuation categories via menu "Goto
--> Global Categories"
global valuation types via menu "Goto -->
2. Allocate the valuation types to the valuation
a) Select "Goto --> Global Categories".
b) Position the cursor on a valuation category and
"Goto --> Global Categories -->
Assignments --> 'Types->Category'".
c) Activate the valuation types you want.
3. Determine the local valuation categories for each
a) Select "Goto --> Local definitions".
b) Position the cursor on a valuation area and
"Goto --> Local Definitions -->
Allocate Categoires->Org.units (button Cats->(OU)".
You obtain a list of the global valuation
c) Activate the categories to be used in this
The system creates the local valuation types
based on the allocations under point 2.
Only now can you create a master record with
Specifying Split Valuation by creating Material
Subject to Split Valuation
1. Create a material master record, selecting the
Accounting View 1.
2. Enter your data as required on the Accounting data
screen, specifying a valuation category.
(If you can't find the valuation category field, it
might be hidden, use OMSR to define the
Look for the field MBEW-BWTTY
for Valuation category).
3. Be sure that the price control indicator is
V for moving average price and enter a moving average
4. In the case of split valuation, you can create only
one valuation header record with price control V
individual stock values are cumulated, and this
total value is written to the valuation header record. This is where the
individual stocks of a material are managed
cumulatively. To do this, fill in the Valuation category field on the accounting
screen when you create the material master record
and leave the Valuation type field blank.
5. Save your data and the system creates the valuation
6. The initial screen appears.
7. Extend the material by creating new material master
records from the Accounting view 1. For the first material, specify a
valuation type in the Organizational Levels dialog
box and enter the respective accounting data on the data screen.
Proceed likewise for the other materials,
distinguishing between them by valuation type. To do this, call up the material
creation mode again. Due to the fact that a
valuation header record exists, the system requires you to enter a valuation
type for the valuation category.
8. Repeat step seven for every valuation type planned.
You want to valuate the stock of material XYZ that you
obtain from manufacturer A in Los Angeles at a different price than the stock
you obtain from manufacturer B in Detroit. In this case, the valuation category
is H for origin. Your valuation types can be LOS ANGELES and DETROIT.
If a material is subject to split valuation, every
quantity (sub-stock) of this material must be assigned to a valuation type (for
example, country of origin).
For every valuation type, there are two types of data
in the system, as follows:
Valuation data (for example, valuation price, total
stock quantity, total stock value), which is defined for every valuation type at
valuation-area level and applies to all dependent storage locations.
Stock data, which, like batch data, is managed
separately for each storage location. If a material that is subject to split
valuation is also subject to management in batches, its stock data is not
managed by valuation type, but rather by batch. Every batch is assigned to a
The stock quantity, stock value, and valuation price
for all valuation types are managed cumulatively at valuation-area level.
Must the Valuation Type Exist Before the First
You can post the goods receipt of material of a certain
valuation type only if the valuation data for this valuation type already
exists, because the system valuates the goods receipt at the price defined in
the valuation data. On the other hand, the stock data for the valuation type is
created automatically during the first goods receipt into the storage location,
if this is defined in Customizing for Inventory Management.
Goods Movements with Materials Subject to Split
If you want to enter goods movements for materials
subject to split valuation, you must enter the valuation type in addition to the
Enter the valuation type in the Batch field for
In MIGO, there is a
valuation type field in Detail data -> Material.