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CSS Classes

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  • You can apply a style to a given class of an element using CSS classes. To do this,you have to declare a style for the class you link the element to the style, then assigning that class to the element.

  • Classes are for you,if you wish to have more than one style of a html tag. Any HTML tag can use these classes.

  • A D V E R T I S E M E N T



    CSS Class Syntax

    By using a dot (.) followed by the class name,you declare a CSS class. You make up the class name yourself. If you want to enter the properties/values to your class ,you can assign it after the class name.

    .class-name { property:value; }

    You can prefix the dot with the HTML element name if you want to use the same class name for multiple elements, but each with a different style.

    html-element-name.class-name { property:value; }

    You could define style sheet classes for each, if you want a purple font paragraph and a blue font paragraph.

    .purple {
    font-family: verdana, arial, helvetica, sans-serif;
    size: 12pt;
    color: #003399;
    }

    .blue {
    font-family: verdana, arial, helvetica, sans-serif;
    size: 12pt;
    color: #663399;
    }

    Then apply this to different paragraphs using following code:

    <p class="purple">The purple paragraph text will go here.</p>

    <p class="blue">The blue paragraph text will go here.</p>

    The <span> tag

    Using the <span> tag, you can also apply this to sections of html like this:

    <p class="purple">This text will be purple until you get to <span class="blue">these words, which are blue</span> and then the text carries on being purple.</p>

    If you wish to display code in a different color depending on its language:

    code.html { color: #4b0082 }
    code.css { color: #191970 }

    For example, using class~="pastoral", we can assign style information to all elements as follows:

    *.pastoral { color: green } /* all elements with class~=pastoral */
    The following assigns style only to H2 elements with class~="pastoral":
    H2.pastoral { color: green } /* H1 elements with class~=pastoral */
    Given these rules, the first H2 instance below would not have green text, while the second would:
    <H2>Not green</H2>
    <H2 class="pastoral">Very green</H2>

    Without an associated element, you can declare classes as follows:

    .note { font-size: small }

    CSS Class Example

    <head>
    <style type="text/css">
    h1.css-section { color:#999999;}
    p.css-section { color:#000099; }
    </style>
    </head>
    <body>
    <h1 class="css-section">CSS Class</h1>
    <p class="css-section">CSS classes can be very useful</p>
    </body>
    O/P:

    CSS Class

    CSS classes can be very useful


    Be the first one to comment on this page.




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    Keywords: style sheets, css classes html element, cascading style sheets, css classes paragraph

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