Academic Tutorials

English | French | Portugese | German | Italian
Home Advertise Payments Recommended Websites Interview Questions FAQs
News Source Codes E-Books Downloads Jobs Web Hosting

CSS 2.0
CSS 2.0 Introduction
CSS 2.0 Attaching Style
CSS 2.0 Applying Style
CSS 2.0 Key Concepts
CSS 2.0 Color Contents
CSS 2.0 Fonts Contents
CSS 2.0 Text
CSS 2.0 Lists
CSS 2.0 the box model
CSS 2.0 Advanced concepts
CSS 2.0 Positioning
CSS 2.0 Boxes
CSS 2.0 Generated content
CSS 2.0 Dynamic effects
CSS 2.0 Tables
CSS 2.0 Paged media
CSS 2.0 Font Face
CSS 2.0 Aural Style Sheets
CSS 2.0 Language styles

HTML Tutorials
HTML Tutorial
XHTML Tutorial
CSS Tutorial
TCP/IP Tutorial
CSS 1.0
CSS 2.0
XML Tutorials
XML Tutorial
XSL Tutorial
XSLT Tutorial
DTD Tutorial
Schema Tutorial
XForms Tutorial
XSL-FO Tutorial
XML DOM Tutorial
XLink Tutorial
XQuery Tutorial
XPath Tutorial
XPointer Tutorial
RDF Tutorial
SOAP Tutorial
WSDL Tutorial
RSS Tutorial
WAP Tutorial
Web Services Tutorial
Browser Scripting
JavaScript Tutorial
VBScript Tutorial
DHTML Tutorial
HTML DOM Tutorial
WMLScript Tutorial
E4X Tutorial
Server Scripting
ASP Tutorial
PERL Tutorial
SQL Tutorial
ADO Tutorial
Apple Script
PL/SQL Tutorial
SQL Server
.NET (dotnet)
.Net Mobile
C# : C Sharp
SVG Tutorial
Flash Tutorial
Media Tutorial
SMIL Tutorial
Photoshop Tutorial
Gimp Tutorial
Gnuplot Programming
GIF Animation Tutorial
Scientific Visualization Tutorial
Web Building
Web Browsers
Web Hosting
W3C Tutorial
Web Building
Web Quality
Web Semantic
Web Careers
Weblogic Tutorial
Web Site Hosting
Domain Name
Java Tutorials
Java Tutorial
JSP Tutorial
Servlets Tutorial
Struts Tutorial
EJB Tutorial
JMS Tutorial
JMX Tutorial
Programming Langauges
C Tutorial
C++ Tutorial
Visual Basic Tutorial
Data Structures Using C
Assembly Language
Forth Programming
Lisp Programming
Data Warehousing
CGI Programming
Emacs Tutorial
Soft Skills
Communication Skills
Time Management
Project Management
Team Work
Leadership Skills
Corporate Communication
Negotiation Skills
Database Tutorials
Operating System
Software Testing
SAP Module
Business Warehousing
SAP Basis
Material Management
Sales & Distribution
Human Resource
Customer Relationship Management
Production and Planning
Networking Programming
Corba Tutorial
Networking Tutorial
Microsoft Office
Microsoft Word
Microsoft Outlook
Microsoft PowerPoint
Microsoft Publisher
Microsoft Excel
Microsoft Front Page
Microsoft InfoPath
Microsoft Access
Financial Accounting
Managerial Accounting
Network Sites

CSS 2.0 Properties - Paged media

Previoushome Next

CSS2 Properties - Paged media


Paged support

CSS2 provides support for paged media. Paged media are the CSS media types of projection, handheld and embossed.


This allows the size of the page box (i.e., the the page where content is placed) and the size of the margins to be specified.

Since the page model has no conception of fonts, ems and exes are not permitted on @page.

Page boxes

The page box is the 'page' that is used for output. You specify the size of the page box using the size property.

Valid keywords for size are auto, portrait, landscape, or one or two lengths, where the first length refers to width, and the second to height, and if the second is omitted, it is assumed to be equal to the first.

@page {size: 8.5in 11in}

Percentages are not valid.

It should be noted that lengths on size require a page that is as large as the @page.

Portrait specifies that the page box is the size of the target (e.g., the piece of paper) but that the longer sides are the vertical ones. Landscape specifies that the page box is the size of the target but that the longer sides are the horizontal ones.

Transferring page boxes to pages

It should be noted that page boxes are not the same as pages. Typically, the page box is smaller than the page. As a result, it is recommended that the page box is centered within the sheet. However, this is not necessarily so.

If the page box is larger than the page, the page will either be scaled down or rotated to fit.


Within @page, the margin properties apply as normal; however, paddings and borders do not apply.

The normal margin propertiess are used to specify margins. Margins are applied inside the page box. Thus size: 8.5in 10in; margin: 2in results in a page area of 4.5 6 inches (if BODY and HTML have margins, this applies on top of this).

% on margins refer to to the page box height in the case of vertical margins and to the page box width in the case of horizontal margins. Negative margins are valid, but it this may be clipped.


Some printing methods print marks just outside the page box. This property specifies the type, equal to crop (these are used to indicate where the page should be cut), cross (these are used for page alignment) or none. E.g., marks: crop cross (to specify both) or marks: cross.

Left and right

Double-sided documents may require different page boxes (e.g. left and right margins reversed) on the left and right side. These pseudo-classes permit that (note the compulsory space):

@page :left {margin: 0 .75in 0 1in}
@page :right {margin: 0 1in 0 .75in}

These will be used even if the printer does not print doublesided documents.


This pseudo-class applies to the first page. E.g., @page :first.

Naming a page

This is applied to an @page block so that it can be referred to by an element.

@page bob {... }

The example above would mean that the element that asks to be on the page called bob must be put on a page of the dimensions specified.


Page breaks

Whereas the properties above apply only to the @page rule, these apply to block elements.

Page-break-before and page-break-after

Valid values are: auto (permit a page break before (after) the element - initial value), always (always force a page break before (or after if p-b-after) the element), avoid (avoid a page break before (after) the element box), left (force 1 or 2 page breaks before (or after) the element so that the next page is formatted as a left page) and right (force 1 or 2 page breaks before (or after) the element so that the next page is formatted as a left page)

These are not inherited.

These are supported by IE 4 and 5.


Valid are avoid (avoid a page break inside the element) and auto (permit a page break inside the element - initial value). It is inherited.

TABLE {page-break-inside: avoid}

Orphans and widows

These are specified as an integer, initially 2, are inherited, and apply only to block elements.

Orphans refers to the minimum number of lines of an element that can be left at the bottom of a page, and widows to the minimum numbers of an element that can be left at the top of a page. E.g., P {orphans: 2}.


This forces the element onto the page of the specifications defined by an @page rule. If the element is not on such a page already, there will be a page break before an element on a specified page. Page applies only to block elements, and is inherited. It might be useful for forcing some or all tables onto landscape pages. The alternative and initial value is auto.

FORM {page: bob}

Be the first one to comment on this page.

  CSS 2.0 eBooks
More Links » »
 CSS 2.0 FAQs
More Links » »
 CSS 2.0 Interview Questions
More Links » »
 CSS 2.0 Articles

No CSS 2.0 Articles could be found as of now.

 CSS 2.0 News

No News on CSS 2.0 could be found as of now.

 CSS 2.0 Jobs

No CSS 2.0 Articles could be found as of now.

Share And Enjoy:These icons link to social bookmarking sites where readers can share and discover new web pages.
  • blinkbits
  • BlinkList
  • blogmarks
  • co.mments
  • connotea
  • digg
  • Fark
  • feedmelinks
  • Furl
  • LinkaGoGo
  • Ma.gnolia
  • NewsVine
  • Netvouz
  • RawSugar
  • Reddit
  • scuttle
  • Shadows
  • Simpy
  • Smarking
  • Spurl
  • TailRank
  • Wists
  • YahooMyWeb

Previoushome Next

Keywords: CSS2 Properties - Paged media, CSS2, css2, CSS2 tutorial, CSS2 tutorial pdf, history of CSS2, Custamizing Style Sheet, learn CSS2

HTML Quizzes
CSS Quiz
CSS 1.0 Quiz
CSS 2.0 Quiz
XML Quizzes
XML Quiz
XSL Quiz
DTD Quiz
Schema Quiz
XForms Quiz
XLink Quiz
XQuery Quiz
XPath Quiz
XPointer Quiz
RDF Quiz
RSS Quiz
WAP Quiz
Web Services Quiz
Browser Scripting Quizzes
JavaScript Quiz
VBScript Quiz
WMLScript Quiz
E4X Quiz
Server Scripting Quizzes
ASP Quiz
SQL Quiz
ADO Quiz
CVS Quiz
Python Quiz
Apple Script Quiz
SQL Server Quiz
PHP Quiz
.NET (dotnet) Quizzes
Microsoft.Net Quiz
ASP.Net Quiz
.Net Mobile Quiz
C# : C Sharp Quiz
VC++ Quiz
Multimedia Quizzes
SVG Quiz
Flash Quiz
Media Quiz
Photoshop Quiz
Gimp Quiz
Matlab Quiz
Gnuplot Programming Quiz
GIF Animation Quiz
Scientific Visualization Quiz
Graphics Quiz
Web Building Quizzes
Web Browsers Quiz
Web Hosting Quiz
W3C Quiz
Web Building Quiz
Web Quality Quiz
Web Semantic Quiz
Web Careers Quiz
Weblogic Quiz
SEO Quiz
Web Site Hosting Quiz
Domain Name Quiz
Java Quizzes
Java Quiz
JSP Quiz
Servlets Quiz
Struts Quiz
EJB Quiz
JMS Quiz
JMX Quiz
Eclipse Quiz
J2ME Quiz
Programming Langauges Quizzes
C Quiz
C++ Quiz
Visual Basic Quiz
Data Structures Using C Quiz
Cobol Quiz
Assembly Language Quiz
Mainframe Quiz
Forth Programming Quiz
Lisp Programming Quiz
Pascal Quiz
Delphi Quiz
Fortran Quiz
OOPs Quiz
Data Warehousing Quiz
CGI Programming Quiz
Emacs Quiz
Gnome Quiz
ILU Quiz
Soft Skills Quizzes
Communication Skills Quiz
Time Management Quiz
Project Management Quiz
Team Work Quiz
Leadership Skills Quiz
Corporate Communication Quiz
Negotiation Skills Quiz
Database Quizzes
Oracle Quiz
MySQL Quiz
Operating System Quizzes
BSD Quiz
Symbian Quiz
Unix Quiz
Internet Quiz
IP-Masquerading Quiz
IPC Quiz
Software Testing Quizzes
Testing Quiz
Firewalls Quiz
SAP Module Quizzes
ERP Quiz
Business Warehousing Quiz
SAP Basis Quiz
Material Management Quiz
Sales & Distribution Quiz
Human Resource Quiz
Netweaver Quiz
Customer Relationship Management Quiz
Production and Planning Quiz
Networking Programming Quizzes
Corba Quiz
Networking Quiz
Microsoft Office Quizzes
Microsoft Word Quiz
Microsoft Outlook Quiz
Microsoft PowerPoint Quiz
Microsoft Publisher Quiz
Microsoft Excel Quiz
Microsoft Front Page Quiz
Microsoft InfoPath Quiz
Microsoft Access Quiz
Accounting Quizzes
Financial Accounting Quiz
Managerial Accounting Quiz
Testimonials | Contact Us | Link to Us | Site Map
Copyright ? 2008. Academic All rights reserved Privacy Policies | About Us
Our Portals : Academic Tutorials | Best eBooksworld | Beyond Stats | City Details | Interview Questions | Discussions World | Excellent Mobiles | Free Bangalore | Give Me The Code | Gog Logo | Indian Free Ads | Jobs Assist | New Interview Questions | One Stop FAQs | One Stop GATE | One Stop GRE | One Stop IAS | One Stop MBA | One Stop SAP | One Stop Testing | Webhosting in India | Dedicated Server in India | Sirf Dosti | Source Codes World | Tasty Food | Tech Archive | Testing Interview Questions | Tests World | The Galz | Top Masala | Vyom | Vyom eBooks | Vyom International | Vyom Links | Vyoms | Vyom World | Important Websites
Copyright ? 2003-2024 Vyom Technosoft Pvt. Ltd., All Rights Reserved.